Chapter 3 Vocabulary

Brain drain- Large-scale emigration by talented people.


Branch - (of a religion) A large and fundamental division within a religion.


Chain migration - Migration of people to a specific location because relatives or members of the same nationality previously migrated there.


Circulation - Short-term, repetitive, or cyclical movements that recur on a regular basis.


Counter-urbanization - Net migration from urban to rural areas in more developed countries.


Emigration - Migration from a location.


Floodplain - The area subject to flooding during a given number of years according to historical trends.


Forced migration - Permanent movement compelled usually by cultural factors.


Guest workers - Workers who migrate to the more developed countries of Northern and Western Europe, usually from Southern and Eastern Europe or from North Africa, in search of higher-paying jobs.


Immigration - Migration to a new location.


Internal migration - Permanent movement within a particular country.


International migration - Permanent movement from one country to another.


Interregional migration - Permanent movement from one region of a country to another.


Intervening obstacle - An environmental or cultural feature of the landscape that hinders migration.


Intraregional migration - Permanent movement within one region of a country.


Migration - Form of relocation diffusion involving permanent move to a new location.


Migration transition - Change in the migration pattern in a society that results from industrialization, population growth, and other social and economic changes that also produce the demographic transition.


Mobility - All types of movement from one location to another.


Net migration - The difference between the level of immigration and the level of emigration.


Pull factors - Factors that induce people to move to a new location.


Push factors - Factors that induce people to leave old residences.


Quota - In reference to migration, a law that places maximum limits on the number of people who can immigrate to a country each year


Refugees - People who are forced to migrate from their home country and cannot return for fear of persecution because of their race, religion, nationality, membership in a social group, or political opinion.


Undocumented immigrants - People who enter a country without proper documents.


Voluntary migration - Permanent movement undertaken by choice.


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